The double urethra: Revisiting the surgical classification.

Duplication of the ureters is a common anomaly and is frequently encountered by radiologists. Duplication may be either complete or incomplete and is often accompanied by various complications.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

The collateral urethral duplication included two patients. Both patients were associated with duplication of the urinary bladder and the external genitalia as a part of caudal duplication syndrome.

What Is Ureteral Duplication? (with pictures).

Abstract. Three cases of ureteral duplication with blind-ending branch are described. Clinical observations are supplemented with a survey of the literature pertaining to the statistics, embryology, method of diagnosis and treatment of this urological developmental anomaly.Symptomatology is the same as in ureteral duplication--dominated by signs of urinary infections. CONCLUSION: Diagnosis of ureteral duplication requires detailed imaging. Treatment of symptomatic abnormalities should be individual, regardless of the applied treatment (conservative or operative).Ten patients with patent urethral duplication are presented. Nine patients had two independent patent urethral channels originating from the bladder or the posterior urethra.. Practical and functional classification of the double urethra: A variable, complex and fascinating malformation observed in 20 patients. Congenital duplication of.


In Woodhouse and Williams classification, sagittal and coronal duplications were categorized, but anatomical details were not well addressed. 7 Urethral duplication is rarely associated with bladder duplication, which is then, more commonly a coronal or saggital duplication. 5 In contrast with bladder duplication, urethral duplication is more commonly saggital. 3 It is important to recognize.The most used classification for urethral duplication is Effmann Classification 7, in which urethral duplication has been divided into three types: type I, incomplete urethral duplication (accessory urethra); type IA, distal; type IB, proximal; type II, complete urethral duplication; type IIA1, two noncommunicating urethras arising independently from bladder and opening in two different meati.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

ICD-10 is the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), a medical classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO). It contains codes for diseases, signs and symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances, and external causes of injury or diseases.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

Ureteral Duplication Ureteral Duplication (bifid ureters) is a congenital malformation of the urinary tract, quite common in women, affecting about 1 % of the general population.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

Free Business essays. Home. Free essays. Business essays.. reducing economies of scale and increasing costs through the duplication of resources and efforts across divisions. Rivalries can be created as divisions compete for resources and top-management attention, and divisional needs can take away from the goals of Apple as a whole.

Ureteral Duplication, Ectopy and Ureteroceles - ScienceDirect.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

LB31.A Duplication of ureter - A condition caused by failure of the ureter to correctly develop during the antenatal period, resulting in incorrect connection of the ureter to the kidney. This condition may present with ureteroureteral reflux, or ureteropelvic junction obstruction of the lower pole of the kidney in the case of incomplete duplication.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

Congenital urethral duplication is a rare anomaly, with less than 200 cases described in the literature. The investigations that are usually performed are micturating cystourethrography (MCU) and retrograde urethrography (RGU), which can diagnose the presence of duplication but cannot diagnose the precise relationship of the duplicated urethra with other pelvic structures.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

Congenital urethral duplication Urethral duplication can be divided into the following types: (4), (5) type I, blind and incomplete; type IIA, complete patent duplication, with two meati; type IIB, complete patent duplication, with both the urethrae joining distally and opening through a single meatus; and type III, urethral duplication occurring as part of a very rare anomaly termed complete.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

Megalourethra with Y-type duplication is an extremely rare anomaly. We report here one such case, diagnosed with retrograde urethrogram, which was done from both penile meatus and perianal opening simultaneously. Patient was successfully treated by laser optical internal urethrotomy (OIU), excision of duplicated urethra, and reduction urethroplasty in a single stage.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

Ureteral duplication is a common anomaly, and observed in approximately 1 in 125 autopsized cases(3). Duplicated systems have 2 complete ureters with separate insertions into the lower urinary.

Urethral Duplication in a 15-Year-Old: Case Report With.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

The classification by Effman et al (3) is most commonly cited in the radiology literature and is the most functional one, representing all clinical aspects of urethral duplication. According to this classification, urethral duplication is divided into three types: type 1, or a blind-ending accessory urethra (incomplete urethral duplication.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

Ureteral triplication is a rare congenital anomaly of the urinary tract, although ureteral duplication is rather common. Bilateral ureteral triplications are even rare anomalies. A five-year-old girl with a history of urinary tract infection and episodes of fever and lower abdominal pain was admitted to our hospital for further examination of microscopic hematuria.

Ureteral Duplication Classification Essay

Ureter duplication anomalies Partial or complete duplication of one or both ureters may occur with duplication of the ipsilateral renal pelvis. In complete duplication, the ureter from the upper pole of the kidney opens at a more caudal location than the orifice of the lower pole ureter. As a result, the lower pole tends to reflux and the upper.

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